Despite all the advances made for “greening” our economy, we still live within a linear economy. In this framework, the satisfaction of our physical needs is fulfilled mainly by: a) the extraction of raw materials from diverse ecosystems at a very unsustainable rate, b) a manufacture system interested in injecting more a more products to the market, c) a fast and unconscious consumption and d) the burial of our ever-growing waste. In the meantime, the transportation of all the materials involved is based on fossil fuels.
Nature, on its side, “knows” how to work sustainably within the constraints of a closed system. In our planet, matter continuously flows through different phases and states while fulfilling the needs of a myriad of living organisms. And best of all, this waste-less system is sun operated.
If we want to make a reasonable and sustainable use of the resources that Earth provides, partial measures won’t be enough. It is imperative to change radically the way we satisfy our needs. And here is where circular economy makes Its entrance.
According to the Ellen McArthur Foundation, a circular economy is “one that is restorative and regenerative by design, and which aims to keep products, components and materials at their highest utility and value at all times, distinguishing between technical and biological cycles”. This new economic framework, very different from the one we all live now, will require the development of new kind of companies and jobs.