The techniques of pumping are essential in water resources
management and perhaps, one of the current and future sustainability issues,
especially with regard to the development of rural areas.
Any development of effective techniques based on renewable energy sources will be indeed a revolution and evolution not only for water sector but also for others, including energy, environment, agriculture (food supply) ... Etc.
In fact, the development of pumping techs faces a number of difficulties related to cost, size and performance, and developing new concepts and inventive technologies may represent solutions for more reliability and competition.
as a multidisciplinary network (initiative)named "Suslife" working with developing/modeling solutions of the current and future sustainability’s challenges in many fields as clean energy, water, environment and others.
Water pumping is one of the challenges that we are working with to develop solutions within many frameworks so-called " clean pumping ", " Auto-pumping" and “sustainable-pumping” so we are interested to participate and interact with the challenge of ER: AWMiI "Energy [R] evolution: A Watershed Moment in India" and share a modest experience in this area (we would like here to thank all participants and regulators as well as the site of Jovoto as a host ), as we see in this event an important opportunity to exchange experiences on this important challenge.
We want to participate through a technology of solution called CoS [coz], briefly, it based on the integration of one or more of the techs of renewable energy sources as solar, light, wind, hydro, gravity…etc (Even with unconventional energy sources, hybrid techs), to be a source of clean energy or kinetic for different applications such as in water pumping or what so-called CoS-pump “Center of sustainable pumping”.
For ER: AWMiI Challenge the methodology of the proposed solution based on change of the challenge’s equations by using new concepts and innovative technologies. As we see later in this post.
We are going to participate with three submissions (depending on the interaction and the time available) current titled CoS-SWES solution (the solution methodology) , CoS-revolution and CoS- evolution.
1- The challenge:
Although the familiarity with developing/modeling solutions of what so-called “the clean pumping” (as mentioned above), but the challenge ER: AWMiI may include unusual requirements according to its scale.
We often classify the challenges (solutions) within three scales: small, medium and large. As for the challenge " ER: AWMiI " we classify it as a small-scale challenge with a large-scale requirements, including:
- Building an effective clean-powered pump (technology) instead that diesel-powered one.
- Capability (energy capacity “power” between 1 to 4kw and pumping capacity ”flow” between 20,000 to 75,000 l \ h).
And more on http://greenpeacechallenge.jovoto.com/briefing
2- Available solutions:
Unfortunately, according to available techs may be difficult to find a solution meets the challenge’s requirements (especially with regard to size).
We agree with most of the proposed solutions (from different scales, sources and techs to be adopted as practical solutions), especially related to auto& manual pumps, which are often eco-friendly and affordable.
On the other hand, we agree with the proposed solar solution systems (which also preferred by the challenge’s documents), represented by (solar panels + submersible) being:
1 - Easy to use.
2 - The closest to achieving the requirements.
Taking into account that the deployment of technology to achieve requirements need an area between 10 to 40 square meters of solar panels.
3- The challenge’s Equations:
According to “ER: AWMiI challenge”, there are two important equations contribute to the modeling of the solution, as following: -
Energy equation (1): 10 square meters of solar panels = 1 KW.
Pumping equation (2): 1 kW = 20000 l /h.
And according to the parameters of the available techs, renewable energy techs/sources (solar) and the case of Bihar (depth of 5 meters).
4 – CoS’s solution:
CoS tries to share a bit different methodology of solution aims to change equations of the challenge to get new results for more effective solution (technology), as we will see later in the example of SWES solution.
4.1 - Methods of solution:
Building a system (technology) of solution depends on:
1- Assembly: through available technologies.
2- Innovation: the development of new technologies.
3- Assembly and innovation: the integration of available technologies with new/inventive technologies and concepts.
4.2- Techniques of solution:
Related to both of energy and pumping systems (techs), which often integrated together in the solution, are classified into:
1 – Current techs (ideas): The available techs.
2 – Next techs (ideas): coming/new generation of techs.
3 – Future techs(ideas) : the technologies that may still yet considered as ideas ( many of them need to be proved and transferred) or some of them even classified as science fiction ,e.g. some of the applications of gravity ( overunity), magnetism , advanced solar techs(LSCs techs)&fuel cells(artificial leaf, iFC) and piezoelectricity ... Etc. , which will enable us to achieve high efficient and competitive technologies (in size, cost and performance).
We agree with that solution will be difficult but not impossible (as stated in the documents of the challenge), and being a non-existent currently and probably can not be achieved through existing technologies, we are trying here proposed a model of a simple solar-based solution is called SWES (Solar-Water-Electricity-Submersible) , and described as PSPS (Pressed solar pumping system).
The solar energy industry (represented by solar panels) is one of the most growing sectors with regard to the clean energy industry, has been evaluated over time to increase the effectiveness of solar panels to advanced levels even greater than expected in terms of cost and performance, through the development of new materials and concepts in the engineering of those panels, for example, what we call the concepts of deep (3D) and un-flat solar structures (USS including flexible , folding or cone/pyramid-shaped solar panels PVs).
Building a solar pumping system (with new techs and concepts) aims to meet the requirements by changing the energy equation (1) to be:
1 square meters of solar panels = 1 kilowatt
Which enable us to use only an area ranging between 1-4 square meters for our portable system.
5-3 SWES technology:
5-3-1: Energy unit:
The energy unit, as a solar-based system, uses a unique structure of panels and the cone-shaped ones are suggested, such as panels of “V3Solar’s Spin Cell” with their un-flat engineering and inventive concentrated solar system, are:
- 1 meter diameter only.
- 1 KW of power capacity.
Other features on link: http://v3solar.com/spin-cell/
It is also called the system of SWES1*1 (1PV – 1m2 -1KW)
Other models, as:
- SWES4*4 (4PVs-4m2-4KW) about 5.5HP
5-3-2: Pumping unit:
Using a free or integrated centrifugal technology (e.g. submersible as a pumping technology) which derives its power from energy unit.
Note : The enhanced techs of this unit aims at changing the equation 2.
5-4 SWES usage:
In addition to achieve efficiency in performance and space, its usage is also easy based on a principle of "P&P" put and play as a cone-shaped structure of the planes does not require a tracking system of the sun (which is built in it) and therefore the usage will be directly (whether for purposes of pumping or electricity).
As we have seen, changing the energy equation No. 1 (through new concepts and innovative technologies) may represent half of a revolutionary solution that meets the requirements and achieves more reliability and competition.
A revolutionary solution will be Completed by changing the equation 2 “Pumping equation”, through the development of new pumping technologies rely on innovative concepts (to increase efficiency up or even more than 5 times than existing ), and this is what we seek and are going to address in coming submissions.