Micro Solar Irrigation
Automated solar irrigation by detecting soil moisture using sensors and irrigating soil when dry

Solution

Effective utilization of solar energy( in places where no electricity is available) to run motor & micro-controller based automatic pumping circuitry and drip irrigation helps reduce water wastage since this automated irrigation circuit switches on the pump only when soil moisture is low and thus helps save water and thus provides effective irrigation throughout the year and helps farmer increase his livelihood.

The concept of micro-irrigation is to harvest and store water during rainy season so that farmer has enough water for crops during summer.
Each agricultural land has different requirement of water based on various factors such as cropping pattern, water source etc and thus we calculate the amount of water needed for summer season ( Feb- mid July) to water crops. Say a 15 acres of land needs about 50 lakh liters of water for 5 summer months for water intensive crop. Based on this estimation , then calculate the amount of land needed to make a micro-irrigation in farmland so that farmer cultivates his crops throughout the year. This method is low cost, very effective as cost heads include digging the pond and making wall lining with stones which are locally available and pond liners is used so that water is clean.

Rain Water is harvested by making small canals with bunds in farm. Also water is harvested from nearby river,canal,well ,bawadi etc and stored in this pond.

Our focus is increase the livelihood of farmers through micro-irrigation, increase food productivity since around 58% of India·s Population depend on Farming for their livelihood and large percentage of farmers don't have adequate irrigation system. 
Farmers will gain the most benefits as their profitability will increase due to cultivation of crops throughout the year and also by automated solar irrigation their dependence on electricity is totally reduced and thus save huge input costs. 
This also helps reduce GHG emissions as highly efficient pump powered by solar energy are used and thus helps to mitigate Climate change

Social Benefits

Provides better livelihood opportunities for farmers who form large sections if society in rural India
Improving social standards of farmers
Brings in increased awareness and environment consciousness and Green Energy and thus brings in
behavioral changes among farmers.

Ecological Benefits

Help in improve agricultural productivity and food security.
Reduce the Green House Gases – GHGs and mitigate Global Warming
Emission Reductions due to Electricity Saving in Water Pumping resulting from Reduced Irrigation of Farms
Since Solar Energy is used, Independence on power supply & manual labor
Better Yield and Thus reduced Food Inflation

Economical Benefits

Farmers will not have to depend more on electricity
Saves manual labour

Helps Government reduce its electricity bills on providing free electricity to farmers